UNSC Demands Houthis 'Immediately Cease' Red Sea AttacksUNSC Demands Houthis 'Immediately Cease' Red Sea Attacks

The UN Security Council (UNSC) asked the Houthi rebels in Yemen to stop attacking ships in the Red Sea on Wednesday. They stressed how important it was to keep tensions from rising in the Middle East. This call came from a resolution passed by the UNSC. The resolution also asked the armed rebel group to free the Galaxy Leader, a Japanese-owned vehicle carrier that the group had taken on November 19.

Eleven members of the Security Council voted in favour of the resolution, which called for an end to the Houthi attacks right away. These attacks hurt global trade, limit freedoms and rights at sea, and threaten peace in the area. Notably, four members, including powerful ones like China and Russia that have the power to veto, decided not to vote. No one was against the motion. A big part of the decision emphasised that UN member states have the natural right to protect their ships against strikes, especially ones that threaten the rights and freedoms of travel.

The UN Security Council (UNSC) political move shows that everyone is worried about how the Houthis’ actions will affect marine operations and the security of the area. The focus on protecting sailing rights and freedoms shows a deeper dedication to supporting the ideals of peace and global trade. The demand for the return of the captured Japanese-operated ship gives the motion a more humanitarian tone and shows how the Houthi rebels’ actions have real effects on the world stage.

The resolution implicitly supported Operation Prosperity Guardian, a multinational naval task force led by the United States dedicated to safeguarding commercial ships in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden from missile and drone attacks by the Houthi rebels. Experts view the provision as an acknowledgement of the global necessity to coordinate a response against the threat to navigational rights and freedoms in the Red Sea.

US Ambassador Linda Thomas-Greenfield emphasised the global nature of the challenge, urging the Security Council to endorse the resolution. She stressed that the Houthi attacks on maritime vessels not only endanger international peace, security, and global commerce but also contribute to the precarious humanitarian situation in Yemen. The need for a united global response to address the threat to navigational rights in the Red Sea was underscored by Ambassador Thomas-Greenfield, highlighting the interconnectedness of maritime security with broader issues of peace and stability in the region.

The Houthis, an Iranian-aligned militia that seized control of a large area of Yemen during a civil war, have proclaimed their desire to attack ships linked with Israel or bound for Israeli ports. This is described as a show of sympathy with Hamas Islamists who are fighting Israeli soldiers in Gaza. However, observers have noticed that many of the ships they attack are not associated with Israel.

The US claims that Iran is providing critical assistance for the Houthi assaults, including the provision of sophisticated missiles and drones, which is a breach of UN Security Council (UNSC) resolutions. Tehran, on the other side, disputes the charges. This complicated circumstance highlights the region’s geopolitical tensions and the difficulties in determining the affiliations of targeted ships during the current battle.

‘POLITICAL GAME’

Mohammed Abdul Salam, the spokesman for the Houthi party in Yemen, criticised the United Nations resolution, calling it a “political game” and claiming that the United States, not the Houthi rebels, were in breach of international law. After rejecting Russian amendments aimed at removing the implied support of the US-led task force and including the violence in Gaza as one of the “root causes” of the Houthi assaults, the council approved the resolution. The Houthi rebels’ strikes have considerably impacted maritime commerce, forcing some shipping companies to divert boats away from the Red Sea and onto longer itineraries. This diversion might raise energy and food costs. Recently, both US and British warships allegedly intercepted and neutralised 21 Houthi drones and missiles fired in the southern Red Sea maritime routes. London described it as the greatest such strike in the area. Since the takeover of the Galaxy Leader, the US Central Command has recorded 26 Houthi attacks against vessels. This current crisis not only underscores the geopolitical complexity at hand, but it also emphasises the physical effect on global trade routes and the possible economic consequences of these marine disruptions.

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